As science technology is deeply involved in every human civilized life, there are certain conflicts regarding science ethics. Also as the present is a globalized world, the importance of deciding the major matter is in increasing rate. Consequently, there are some organizations for filling in resolutions for global scientific matter. First, there will be explanations of organizations from United Nations related to Science, and their current primary works.
One of the affiliated organizations of United Nations, related to science, is COMEST (World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology) from UNESCO. COMEST(Built 1998)’s primary task was to advise the organization on its program concerning the ethics of scientific knowledge and technology. Each 18 members of COMEST is a specialist in fields such as science, professional engineering, law, philosophy, culture, religion or politics. Their course is to make global problems to local issues and create the basic foundation of science ethics. Nanotechnology, space, water, Bio and more ethic issues passed through COMEST. COMESCO currently addresses two topics: ethics of water and oceans and ethics of robotics as part of the emerging technologies. As water resource can become a natural resource for energy, and it is an indispensable part of nature for transportations and life conservation, the protection and fair usage from the world is needed. Also as technology develops, there were always conflicts about ‘machines’ because it sometimes created unemployment, as another revolution – information age is approaching. Also as the AI program is a great issue currently, to discover how humans can work harmoniously is certainly essential for the development and safeguard.
The UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation), researches how much effect does radioactivity affects citizens of the world. It also opens sessions. As a result of the act of UNSCEAR, people who were in dangerous areas, or misunderstood to be, was protected or cleared itself by the accurate survey.
Asia, especially Japan focuses on is education. Japan is supporting UNESCO 2030 agenda’s natural science part. The idea which is mostly promoted is the sustainable use of ecosystems. UNESCO set up 17 goals of sustainable development. “Resilience and adaptation are essential conditions in our quest for sustainability, and these must be informed by science and other knowledge” said Flavia Schlegel, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for the Natural Sciences. The idea of sustainable science is related to environment protection, as conferences and arguments of climate changes are highlighted over the world. Asia and the world are focusing on proper education about it.
Even though there are many opinions of these global scientific organizations and these activities, these show the importance of global care of science. And all of these works is focused on world protection as the founding purpose of United Nations. For climate change, protection from nuclear, and science ethics has a great influence on the whole world’s course. The world should notice and support these organizations’ management for the nation and the entire globe.
Written by Ji Soo Lee