Bananas from Korea. Increasing summer days. Extinction danger for animals, like coral reefs. These symptoms are occurring because of climate change. As the Global warming leads to striking climate changes, the importance of environment protection is emphasized every moment. The climatologist from NASA, Gavin Schmidt reported: “The whole temperature increased over the world except the Antarctica during the first half of the year.” Around these days, we can notice that summer is getting hotter and longer every year, even though global warming is currently occurring. The reason is by heat domes (thermal domes).
Anthony Lupo, the chair of the department of atmospheric science from a college in Michigan, demonstrated the relationship between global warming and heat domes. The heat dome occurs when high atmospheric pressure traps the hot air and moves very slowly. The trapped heat creates a long-term heat wave. The problem of heat domes cannot end in “feeling hot”. The increasing dates of deadly heat waves can lead to diseases, such as sunstroke, myocardial infarction, and heatstroke. These diseases can even result in death.
The fault of heat domes cannot be asked for anyone, because this is a problem from a couple of factors, but especially according to global warming. The issue reminds us some certain U.N conventions of climate changes from the past and makes us wonder whether they are working well. The Kyoto Protocol enforced environmental but also economic solutions called “Kyoto Mechanism” to prevent the increase in carbon dioxide in the world. One of the proposals is International CERs (Certified Emission Reduction) exchange. The CERs exchange is buying and selling the right of carbon production. Another regulation is the penalties when a particular country is not able to reduce Greenhouse gasses. The Carbon offset is used to invest in environmental funds.
As the 1st pledge period ended in 2012, most of the countries including China, US, Japan, and Korea had announced that they would not take responsibility for reducing Greenhouse gas. However, the countries are still cautious about the environment protection case because it is hard to recover the environmental disaster afterward. As the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2020, the resolutions of Paris UNFCC, in will get power all over the world. The most recent convention, the Paris UNFCC asked responsibility of reduction of greenhouse gasses not only to an advanced country but also every member in the UNFCC. The primary goal is to reduce the Greenhouse gas to pure zero. As a result, there are many projects operating such as renewable energy – shale gas, hydrogen energy, solar energy and much more- or CCS(CO2 Capture and Storage).
Written by Jisoo Lee